Multifunction Microwave Furnace
MMF is designed to perform microwave sintering under various conditions. It has a universal microwave applicator, which can host various kinds of sintering containers.
With these containers, microwave sintering under vacuum, under pressure, and, under special sintering atmosphere, can be carried out.
Microwave PyroMetallurgical Furnace
MPMF is designed to extract metals from minerals, or to make alloys from a mixture of metal elements. To enhance the pyrometallurgical process, the furnace uses microwave heating combined with electric arc.
The furnace can also use microwave-plasma hybrid heating to carry out high purity and/or highly reactive pyrometallurgical processing.
Pressurized Microwave Reactor
PMR is designed to conduct wet chemical synthesis at high temperatures and high pressures. Compared to conventional autoclaves or microwave-hydrothermal reactors, the PMR has enhanced functions. The reactor can use external pressure supply, so that reactions can be carried out under various pressure media and magnitude. With appropriate pressure condensers, the reactor can conduct reactions involving gaseous reactants and/or products. The PMR can also perform reflux under high pressures. The reaction chamber can be plastic, glass or ceramic. The microwave applicator is a metallic vessel. The reactor can work in a wide temperature and pressure range. The microwave applicator is capable of hosting reaction chambers of different volumes (from 500 ml up to 10,000 ml). Chambers of different volumes are interchangeable.
PMR has both a material inlet and an outlet. It can be used either as a batch-type reactor or a continuous flow-through reactor. Several PMRs can be serialized to increase the productivity.
Atmospheric Microwave Reactor
AMR is designed to conduct wet chemical synthesis under atmospheric pressure. AMR has an easy-to-open mechanism. Operators can easily access and manipulate the reaction container. The extendible and rotatable racks make it easy for operators to arrange various accessories to the reactor. Various set-ups, such as reflux reactor, evaporator or distiller, can be arranged.
Typical volumes of the AMR containers range from 500-10,000 ml. The various-sized containers can be fitted into a universal AMR applicator.
The AMR containers are made of plastics. Compared to conventional glass flasks and reactors, use of AMR is safe, fast and convenient.
Microwave-Hydrothermal Mechanochemical Reactor
MHMR is designed to conduct material synthesis with concurrent wet chemical reactions and mechanical grinding. This hybrid process is especially suitable to synthesis where solid reactant(s) is involved.
A typical example is the synthesis of ceramic-polymer nanocomposite, for which intensive mechanical dispersing is required concurrently with chemical reactions (polymerization).
MHMR has means for easy charging and discharging powdery materials. It can work either as a batch-type reactor or as a continuous flow-through reactor.
High Temperature Microwave Mechanochemical Reactor
HTMMR is designed to conduct material synthesis at elevated temperatures. Typical examples are the synthesis of metal carbides and metal nitrides. The synthesis involves solid-solid or solid-gaseous reactions that require high temperatures, and, during the reaction, product layers develop on the reactant surfaces. With HTMMR, the synthesis reactions proceed with concurrent mechanical milling, which constantly grinds off the product layers and accelerates the synthesis. The concurrent chemical reaction and mechanical milling is also capable of making the product finer.